At 6,816 m, Reo Purgyil is the highest mountain peak in the state of Himachal Pradesh. [69] Manimahesh Lake situated in the Bharmour region of Chamba district is the venue of an annual Hindu pilgrimage trek held in the month of August which attracts lakhs of devotees. [90] The child sex ratio increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011. The Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768. [30][31][32][33] The state also has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves. (2000) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the Indian trans-Himalaya. Himalayan rivers criss-cross the entire mountain chain. [114][115] The Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known. In Himachal Pradesh state, Christinity is followed by 0.18 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Sikhism by 1.16 % and Buddhism by 1.16 %. ISBN 81-7387-089-6. Total population of Himachal Pradesh as per 2011 census is 6,864,602 of which male and female are 3,481,873 and 3,382,729 respectively. [22] Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. In Himachal Pradesh state, Christinity is followed by 0.18 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Sikhism by 1.16 % and Buddhism by 1.16 %. Although neighbouring state Uttarakhand is famous as the land of the gods because of the major Hindu shrines like Badrinath( One of the Char Dham), Kedarnath, Adi- Kailasha, Origin of holy rivers like Ganges, Yamuna, Holy city Haridwar, Rishikesh etc. After the winter season, the hillsides and orchards bloom with wild flowers, while gladiolas, carnations, marigolds,[27] roses, chrysanthemums, tulips and lilies are carefully cultivated. [122] In meeting the constitutional obligation to make primary education compulsory, Himachal became the first state in India to make elementary education accessible to every child. [91], In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place. [18], The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. More than 33,000 people have tested positive for the coronavirus till date in Himachal Pradesh with the state slowly opening to tourists. Kala, C.P. 15 [101] Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16% of the state population. All Religious Communities. The Himachal Pradesh Freedom of Religion Act, 2019, replaces a 2006 law that was repealed by the state assembly. Snowy mountain range appears to be in sky. [111][112] The former has served six terms as the Chief Minister of the state while the latter is a two-time Chief Minister. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. Jai Ram Thakur[38] was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time[39] in Shimla on 27 December 2017. Bilaspur is a Municipal Council city in district of Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh. [86], Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6,864,602 including 3,481,873 males and 3,382,729 females according to the Census of India 2011. The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100,[85] operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. Hinduism is the majority religion in the state of Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers. Visitors are also attracted to the region to learn about the Buddhist religion. [101] Himachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India. [67], Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state's economy and growth. Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27% of the population. The Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952. [35], The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. Yet by experiencing revivals and migrations, Buddhism continued t… Some of the most commonly spoken individual languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri. Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379. Broadly, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. Sunrise in Himachal Pradesh, at Kinnaur Kailash. On one hand, it is playing an important and certainly positive role in the socio economic and political development in state and on the other hand offering new employment opportunities. 8,951,108. [15] Some, including the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami, rendered help to the British government during the revolt. 26,655,528. [95] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. 200 pp. [49] As of 2018, Himachal is the 22nd-largest state economy in India with ₹1.52 lakh crore (US$21 billion) in gross domestic product and has the 13th-highest per capita income (₹160,000 (US$2,200)) among the states and union territories of India. [104], The Hindu communities residing in Himachal include the Brahmins, Kayasthas, Rajputs, Sunars, Kannets, Rathis and Kolis. [9], Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a lingua franca. Buddhism in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh has been a long recorded practice. [57][58] Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the state. [73] Spiti Valley in Lahaul and Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. [30] Great Himalayan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Pin Valley National Park are the national Parks located in the state. Mcleodganj, Himachal Pradesh - Land of His Holiness the Dalai Lama - Little Lhasa. [80][81][82], Roads are the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. Indus Publishing. The participation of women in the NREGA has been observed to vary across different regions of the nation. Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has earned a unique distinction in India for imparting teaching, research and extension education in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines. [10] Through its history, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted the suzerainty of larger empires. In 2001, total population was 6,077,900 in which males were 3,087,940 while females were 2,989,960. [130] CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur is one of the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the world. [128] The Rashtriya Madhayamic Shiksha Abhiyan launched in 2009, is a similar scheme but focuses on improving access to quality secondary education. During the first six five-year plans, most of the development expenditure in education sector was utilised in quantitative expansion, but after the seventh five-year-plan the state government switched emphasis on qualitative improvement and modernisation of education. 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