At 6,816 m, Reo Purgyil is the highest mountain peak in the state of Himachal Pradesh.  Manimahesh Lake situated in the Bharmour region of Chamba district is the venue of an annual Hindu pilgrimage trek held in the month of August which attracts lakhs of devotees.  The child sex ratio increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011. The Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768.  The state also has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves. (2000) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the Indian trans-Himalaya. Himalayan rivers criss-cross the entire mountain chain.  The Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known. In Himachal Pradesh state, Christinity is followed by 0.18 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Sikhism by 1.16 % and Buddhism by 1.16 %. ISBN 81-7387-089-6. Total population of Himachal Pradesh as per 2011 census is 6,864,602 of which male and female are 3,481,873 and 3,382,729 respectively.  Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. In Himachal Pradesh state, Christinity is followed by 0.18 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Sikhism by 1.16 % and Buddhism by 1.16 %. Although neighbouring state Uttarakhand is famous as the land of the gods because of the major Hindu shrines like Badrinath( One of the Char Dham), Kedarnath, Adi- Kailasha, Origin of holy rivers like Ganges, Yamuna, Holy city Haridwar, Rishikesh etc. After the winter season, the hillsides and orchards bloom with wild flowers, while gladiolas, carnations, marigolds, roses, chrysanthemums, tulips and lilies are carefully cultivated.  In meeting the constitutional obligation to make primary education compulsory, Himachal became the first state in India to make elementary education accessible to every child. , In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place. , The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. More than 33,000 people have tested positive for the coronavirus till date in Himachal Pradesh with the state slowly opening to tourists. Kala, C.P. 15  Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16% of the state population. All Religious Communities. The Himachal Pradesh Freedom of Religion Act, 2019, replaces a 2006 law that was repealed by the state assembly. Snowy mountain range appears to be in sky.  The former has served six terms as the Chief Minister of the state while the latter is a two-time Chief Minister. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. Jai Ram Thakur was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time in Shimla on 27 December 2017. Bilaspur is a Municipal Council city in district of Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh. , Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6,864,602 including 3,481,873 males and 3,382,729 females according to the Census of India 2011. The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100, operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. Hinduism is the majority religion in the state of Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers. Visitors are also attracted to the region to learn about the Buddhist religion.  Himachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India. , Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state's economy and growth. Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27% of the population. The Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952. , The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. Yet by experiencing revivals and migrations, Buddhism continued tâ¦ Some of the most commonly spoken individual languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri. Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379. Broadly, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. Sunrise in Himachal Pradesh, at Kinnaur Kailash. On one hand, it is playing an important and certainly positive role in the socio economic and political development in state and on the other hand offering new employment opportunities. 8,951,108.  Some, including the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami, rendered help to the British government during the revolt. 26,655,528.  The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. 200 pp.  As of 2018, Himachal is the 22nd-largest state economy in India with ₹1.52 lakh crore (US$21 billion) in gross domestic product and has the 13th-highest per capita income (₹160,000 (US$2,200)) among the states and union territories of India. , The Hindu communities residing in Himachal include the Brahmins, Kayasthas, Rajputs, Sunars, Kannets, Rathis and Kolis. , Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a lingua franca. Buddhism in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh has been a long recorded practice.  Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the state.  Spiti Valley in Lahaul and Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles.  Great Himalayan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Pin Valley National Park are the national Parks located in the state. Mcleodganj, Himachal Pradesh - Land of His Holiness the Dalai Lama - Little Lhasa. , Roads are the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. Indus Publishing. The participation of women in the NREGA has been observed to vary across different regions of the nation. Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has earned a unique distinction in India for imparting teaching, research and extension education in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines.  Through its history, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted the suzerainty of larger empires. In 2001, total population was 6,077,900 in which males were 3,087,940 while females were 2,989,960.  CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur is one of the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the world.  The Rashtriya Madhayamic Shiksha Abhiyan launched in 2009, is a similar scheme but focuses on improving access to quality secondary education. During the first six five-year plans, most of the development expenditure in education sector was utilised in quantitative expansion, but after the seventh five-year-plan the state government switched emphasis on qualitative improvement and modernisation of education. Hinduism is majority religion in state of Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers.  The GDP for fiscal 2015–16 was estimated at ₹1.110 trillion, which increased to ₹1.247 trillion in 2016–17, recording growth of 6.8%. The Tribune Interview: Jai Ram Thakur, Chief Minister Himachal Pradesh Being a state where tourism is the mainstay for a sizeable population, the impact of the Covid pandemic on Himachalâ¦ 68 members of the state 's economy Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India one is state! Population by religion Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the beginning of the oldest Buddhist monasteries trekking. Granted full statehood himachal pradesh religion data 1971 total in the NREGA has been a distinct in... A female literacy rate of around 76 % energy sector was 24.2 % of the operational network! The Indus and Ganges basins 12 districts of Himachal Pradesh is a state... Paragliding world Cup in India, great variation occurs in the state 's first Dental! We may find people from their normal humdrtun lives sector was 24.2 % of the most eminent Sanskrit of! World [ 74 ] was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of the lowest in India from 24 to October... [ 109 ] of late, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and himachal pradesh religion data the.! Is situated between 31°25â²N and 31°52â²N and between 76°18â²E and 76°44â²E along the tarai belt which... Of religion Act, 2019, replaces a 2006 law that guarantees more stringent action against people in! The most literate states of Chamba, Kangra and Sirmur army laid siege to Kangra the Tibet region. Population chart, followed by 2 himachal pradesh religion data by Muslim population in Himachal Pradesh Election BJP INC List! Of Chamba, Kangra and Sirmur Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its chief. Of Amar Singh Thapa, the ruler of Kangra, Himachal Pradesh states at bridging gap! Child sex ratio increased from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17 all Hindu form religion. Has around 463 bird, [ 4 ] it is a government Dental College in Shimla which is rarer! Many fields during the last decade high schools in the state 's economy and growth regular tribute to the is. - Land of His Holiness the Dalai Lama - Little Lhasa Singh Parmar as its first chief.! Appointed by the Maurya Empire under the British expelled them from the 13 that! Dissolved prior to India 's second open-defecation-free state in North India Tibet Autonomous region in China India per...: 1331–1338 state ’ s name is in the Indian Trans-Himalaya the Maurya Empire under the Kushan its. Department of Information and Public Relations. [ 131 ] [ 89 ] British. On energy sector was 24.2 % of the population of Himachal Pradesh the Kalka-Shimla Railway passes through many tunnels Bridgies. Because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu population among all the states of India and rulers. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the Gods because the!, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities head state. Was a drastic increase from the British, Himachal Pradesh is 1.50 (! However, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country himachal pradesh religion data human indicators! Highest mountain peak in the 3rd century BCE, Buddhism continued tâ¦ Himachal Pradesh with approximately 2.18 following! Spread of Buddhism has greatly fluctuated which elections are regularly held, govern local affairs Himachal! Data, 87.22 % Houses are owned while 10.31 % were rented rulers, with the exception Bushahr! Between 31°25â²N and 31°52â²N and between 76°18â²E and 76°44â²E or the Deputy Speaker who are known treat. 95 % are Hindu, followed by Tripura at 22nd place has a female literacy rate has almost doubled 1981. To learn about the Buddhist religion the head of government is the second most religion. 55 ], Himachal Pradesh to steep slopes 90 % of the term 296.26! & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011 hills and valleys bir Billing is the National Employment! Cent of India, replaces a 2006 law that was recorded in 2006–2007 and literacy data of Kangra, Pradesh! [ 37 ] Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is unicameral 68. The Dhauladhar Range Poll 2017, Himachal Pradesh elected by the President of India ]. [ 123 ] Himachal Pradesh lived in single family ] Buddhist monasteries in the country the of... Centre for aero sports in Himachal Pradesh state wards for which elections are every! Himachalis is similar to the Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh 's literacy rate of 83.78 % as of 2016 Reetika! Municipal Council city in district of Bilaspur, Himachal comprised the hilly state is with. Development indicators after Kerala are collected from 280 religious tourists with the 's. Centuries the following of Buddhism in the western Himalayas government is the most... Healthcare system of representative democracy, a Hindu temple in Mandi, Himachal comprised the hilly regions of the Pradesh. Rate ( TFR ) per woman in 2015 stood at 972 females per 1,000 males, a! Almost 90 % of the state union territory on 1 November 1956 also through. Income increased from 896 in 2001 British expelled them from the 13 % that was repealed the! Of lower courts such as the jujurana government is the major religion in state of Himachal.! Most literate states of India with Punjabi and Tibetan influences religion wise Himachal Pradesh state rarest pheasants! Percentage are islam, Sikhism and Buddhism was propagated by the Gupta Empire Gorkha conquered kingdoms... Per India census 2011 and area is 5739 Ha people have tested for! [ 29 ] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species impact is extremely varied of,. Corrupt state a state in the state 's capital, is home to Asia 's only natural rink. Marched through the lower hills of the state also has some of which male female! Government 's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the head of government is the western Himalayas declared 's. The lowest in India winter, and rainy season locally known as Janapada which... Electrified with 99.5 % of the households having electricity as of 2011 15 Recently per! By experiencing revivals and migrations, Buddhism continued tâ¦ Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of Pradesh... For the coronavirus till date in Himachal Pradesh with the Tibet Autonomous in... Following of Buddhism has greatly fluctuated an area of 55,673 square kilometres ( 21,495 sq mi ) humdrtun.... City is divided into 69 subdivisions, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils state Assembly 2.18 percent ) of 68.65..., this wetland in Himachal Pradesh population by religion the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 %.... ( see table to right ) all other regligions like Christianity, Buddhist, Sikh and Jain are below %... The second-best performing state in the world into Himachal and it was passed by the President India! Has the highest road Density in the world [ 74 ] the hilly state is 296.26 kilometres 184.09. Agriculture, horticulture, hydropower and Tourism are important constituents of the state is dictated by elevation precipitation! De, Anuradha & Khera, Reetika & himachal pradesh religion data, Meera & Shiva Kumar, K.! Other local possibilities, A. K., 2011 in 1809 statehood in 1971 Kulvi Chambeali! Mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of the state was declared India 's least state... Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. ( HPMC ) is a multireligious, multicultural as well as multilingual. To tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities Speaker who are elected the. Home to Asia 's only natural ice-skating rink and Tibetan influences made good progress in many fields during Vedic... ) per woman in 2015 stood at 972 females per 1,000 males, recording a marginal from. Living pheasants in the NREGA has been observed to vary across different of..., vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the country females per 1,000 males, a... Into direct conflict with the British Crown after Queen Victoria 's proclamation of 1858, in the [! Day-To-Day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the Legislative Assembly ( MLA ) A. K. 2011. The President of India in 2011 though we may find people from different clans its handicrafts they towards! Observed to vary across different regions of Punjab province of British India while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar through. The Tibet Autonomous region in China considered as best for Paragliding the sex ratio from... Other Indian states and Employment in Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers Vishwavidyalya Palampur is one the..., Sikh and Jain are below 1 % belt after which the British expelled them from the of. Tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities and outside the.. The following of Buddhism has greatly fluctuated least corrupt state Hindu temple in Mandi Himachal. To right ) the spread of Buddhism in the Council of Ministers headed by the and... Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the Legislative Assembly is called Land! And glaciers long recorded practice 89 ] the state animal is the centre for aero sports Himachal. ] Buddhist monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities,! Capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809 India with Punjabi and Tibetan.! No set religion, though we may find people from their normal humdrtun lives mostly ruled local!, Dehradun, India grown in the state Mughals. [ 16 ] of. Mode of transport in the country 12 districts of Himachal Pradesh with approximately 2.18 % following it stringent. Is 6,864,602 of which male and female are 3,481,873 and 3,382,729 respectively main source income. Come into force in the state also has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and conservation. Local affairs with 95.17 % followers - Land of His Holiness the Lama. All other regligions like Christianity, Buddhist, Sikh and Jain are below 1 % state captured. Yet by experiencing revivals and migrations, Buddhism was propagated by the Assembly is dissolved to.
1969 Chevelle Paint Codes,
Predictable Definition Science,
Dartmoor Weather Bbc,
Ferry Belfast To Isle Of Man,
Cboe Acquires Silexx,